Did You Know?
Public transit is critical to Chicago’s COVID-19 response
Emergency funding is needed to keep Chicago’s public transit system running throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.
Thousands of essential workers like healthcare professionals and grocery store clerks rely on buses and trains to get to work. Many Chicagoans living in historically marginalized communities rely on transit to get to essential businesses like grocery stores and pharmacies.
Transit is critical to the Chicago region’s public health response to COVID-19. Bus and train service must be maintained for the healthcare system and local economies to continue to function. Chicago Public Health Commissioner Dr. Allison Arwady calls public transportation “an essential service,” noting how crucial it is for important workers to get to their jobs.
Reducing or ending transit service would limit the mobility of countless Chicagoans who are already facing daunting challenges. Rolling back service would put riders at risk by forcing more people into each bus or train car that’s still running.
Thankfully, our local leaders have so far recognized the critical role public transit plays in this crisis. CTA is running on normal schedules and Metra and Pace are running reduced service. Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot says she has no plans to shutdown the CTA, saying “we must keep the public transit system going.”
While maintaining service, agencies should consider operational changes to better protect riders and workers. Recent changes in Los Angeles, Detroit, and other cities include waiving fare collection on buses; suspending fare enforcement; allowing rear door boarding; and promoting social distancing by marking certain seats on buses and trains.
EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE NEEDED
Unfortunately, maintaining service levels and keeping vehicles clean gets harder every day. CTA rail ridership is down 70 percent and bus ridership is down 52 percent compared to the same days last year, which means less revenue to operate the system.
Sales tax receipts — the biggest source of operating funds for transit in Illinois — are way down and will likely stay that way for months. Gas tax revenue, a major source of capital funding for transit under the state’s new capital plan, is also expected to be way down as a result of the crisis.
That’s why we’re fighting for the federal and state government to provide immediate emergency assistance for Chicagoland transit agencies during and after the crisis. Without emergency funding, agencies will be forced to cut service or raise fares, even after ridership returns to normal levels.
Active Trans joined more than 200 elected officials, transit agencies, and advocacy groups in calling for Congress to include emergency assistance for transit in any COVID-19 stimulus bill.
It’s not yet clear when the state legislative session will resume in Springfield, but we stand ready to fight for emergency funding for transit at the state level.
FAREBOX RECOVERY BURDEN
The region’s antiquated “farebox recovery ratio” — the percentage of operating revenue that needs to come from fares — is an even greater obstacle during a crisis like this. State law mandates that at least 50 percent of the operating revenue for CTA, Metra, Pace must come from fares — one of the highest ratios in the nation.
We called for state leaders to reassess the farebox recovery ratio in our recent Fair Fares Chicagoland report, which charts a path towards a more equitable transit system. The crisis should speed up the timeline to get that done and legislators should consider lowering the 50 percent mandate, at least until ridership returns to normal levels.
PROTECTIONS FOR TRANSIT WORKERS
Transit workers are on the frontlines of the pandemic, working hard under extremely difficult circumstances to keep the system running and clean. Active Trans supports the demands for extra protection from our local train and bus operation unions, including providing more gloves, masks, and sanitizer for frontline workers. State and local leaders should step up with emergency funding so agencies can provide these basic protections.
Image above courtesy of CTA.
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